Chr( in Pan X vs Pan 6


There are ascii characters that translate differently between the two versions of Panorama.

chr(255) for instance is ˇ in Pan 6 but ÿ i Pan X.

ask( converts both back to chr(255)

Is this an expected difference between the two or should they handle it the same?


Using message asc(“ˇ”) in Pan 6 shows 255 while in Pan X it is 711. Using message asc(“ÿ”) in Pan 6 gets 216 and in Pan X it is 255. I believe this is the difference between MacRoman and Unicode UTF-32.



Another way of putting it is – ASCII and Unicode are not the same thing. They are the same for characters below 128, but not above 128.

Also, there is a bug in the chr( function, so it does not currently work for characters above 256. I was going to point out that this was fixed in 10.1.1, but I didn’t see it in the documentation. Turns out, I fixed it after 10.1.1, so the fixed version will be in 10.1.2.


I think you mean 65,536. I tried it with several different values, and it didn’t start failing until I got above that number.


Cool. I thought it didn’t work with any multi-byte value. I didn’t do extensive testing, since I knew it didn’t work with really large values, and the code had to be completely rewritten for that. The new version uses a completely different conversion method and even works with emojis.


Autocorrect apparently changed asc( to ask( and in trying several in both versions of Panorama I got myself twisted around on the re-conversion. Clearly though, I have some work to do to convert Pan 6 procedures that used the higher values of chr( and asc(.


I don’t know if you would want to use this technique or not, but here is a formula that will convert a number into text using MacOSRoman encoding.


So the formula


will produce ˇ, just like chr(255) did in Panorama 6.

I suppose I could create a macosromanchr( function that would do this, would that be worth doing? If yes, it might not get into a released version for a while.

The same thing can be done in reverse for the asc( function.


So the formula


will produce 255, just like asc("ˇ") did in Panorama 6.

Hope this makes your task a bit easier.